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Glossary V-Z

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These definitions and explanations should provide a comprehensive understanding of key terms related to freshwater management in New Zealand. Keep in mind that the management practices, regulations, and terminology can evolve over time.

WaterbodyA river, lake, stream, pond, wetland, or groundwater
Water holding capacityThe storage capacity (or ability) of a soil to hold water.
Water take(s)The act of abstracting water from a natural source. Managing water takes is essential for preventing over-extraction and maintaining ecosystem health.
WhakapapaThe Māori concept of genealogy and interconnectedness. It emphasizes the relationships between people, land, and water.
WhānauThe Māori term for family. Whānau often have cultural connections to specific water bodies and play a role in freshwater management.
Wāhi tapuA Māori term referring to a sacred or culturally significant site. Protecting wāhi tapu is an important aspect of freshwater management.
WastewaterWater containing contaminants that result from human activities, such as domestic or industrial processes. Proper wastewater treatment is necessary to prevent water pollution.
Water qualityThe physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of water. Monitoring and managing water quality is crucial for ecosystem health and human well-being.
Water quantityThe amount of water available in a water body or system. Balancing water quantity is vital for ecosystem health, water supply, and irrigation.
Wetland restorationActivities aimed at returning degraded or drained wetlands to their natural state. Wetland restoration benefits water quality and biodiversity.